Theorists and Theories

In Foundations and Educational Psychology (EDU 2200), we learned about theorists and their philosophies. We talked about B.F Skinner, John Watson, and Ivan Pavlov who were behaviorists and Jean Piaget who focused on cognitive development.  Behaviorists focused solely on behavior training and tend to be objective and scientific. Their theories are still used in education today with classroom management. Piaget focused on brain development. She emphasizes that everyone learn at their own pace and we make our own meanings to the things we learned. These theories aligned with two of the HOPE standards. They aligned with O2 – Offer appropriate challenge in the content area. This standard means students are provided with developmentally appropriate curriculum. It also aligned with H1 – Honor student diversity and development.  This standard means that the development of each student is acknowledged. As evidence, I have included the power points which elaborate more on the theories. As future educators, we need to understand the different theories because they can help us teach in a form that would teach a broader range of students. We need to make sure that every student is able to learn what we are teaching them. On slide ten of the power point, Piaget pointed out the different stages of development. It’s important the educators understand these stages and offer developmentally appropriate lessons.

When teachers are able to tend to the need of each their students, positive outcomes can come out of it. Students will understand the content more effectively. It eliminates confusions because their questions are addressed individually by the teacher. There is not one appropriate theory for a teacher to adapt which is why it’s important to use the theories according to the situation one come across. For example, one might use the behaviorist theories to manage their class and Piaget to choose the content of their curriculum. The most important thing for an educator to understand is how to apply these theories.

EDU2200 Class05

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